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Dairy Cattle Breeds

Last Updated: November 1, 2012

Holstein
  • Makes up 94% of the provincial herd.
  • Originated in the Netherlands, it is the largest of all dairy breeds.
  • Superior milk production averages 8,900 litres per cow per year.
  • Average test for fat is 3.8% and 3.2% for protein.
  • Black and white with distinct markings, sometimes red and white.

 

Jersey
  • Makes up 4% of the provincial herd.
  • Originated in Island of Jersey, Channel Islands, Britain.
  • Averages 6,000 litres per cow per year.
  • Average test for fat is 4.8% and 3.8% for protein.
  • Fawn or brown, shading from light to dark, some with distinct white markings.

 

Ayrshire
  • Makes up less than 1% of the provincial herd.
  • Originated in Scotland.
  • Averages 6,700 litres of milk per cow per year.
  • Average test for fat is 3.9% and 3.3% for protein.
  • White with dark red or brown with distinct markings.

 

Brown Swiss
  • Makes up less than 1% of provincial herd.
  • Originated in Switzerland.
  • Averages 7,900 litres of milk per cow per year.
  • Average test for fat is 4.1% and 3.5% for protein.
  • Dark brown to silver gray in colour.

 

Guernsey
  • Makes up less than 1% of provincial herd.
  • Originated in Islands of Sark, Alderney and Guernsey, Channel Islands, Britain.
  • Averages 5,900 litres of milk per cow per year.
  • Average test for fat is 4.3% and 3.5% for protein.
  • Bright fawn colour with distinct markings.

 

Milking Shorthorn
  • Makes up less than 1% of provincial herd.
  • Originated in England.
  • Averages 5,800 litres of milk per cow per year.
  • Average test for fat is 3.8% and 3.3% for protein.
  • White and roan

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