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What You Need To Do When Treating Animals

Last Updated: March 11, 2013


Identify all treated animals (leg band, tag number, marker, paint); and if treating a group, also identify the pen using a card on the outside prior to administering treatment.


Record the following information immediately before administering treatment:

  • animal treated (number of tag, pen number)
  • date treated
  • what treated for (diagnosis)
  • medicine used
  • dosage
  • route of administration (IM, IMM, SC, oral)
  • injection site (neck, right or left side - udder, identify quarters treated)
  • withdrawal time (hours for milk, days for meat)
  • broken needles (location)
  • shipping date (if being culled)
  • who treated animal


Treat the animal and ensure that the medication being given is the proper one; check dosage carefully.

Enhance your livestock medicines management system

  • Post procedures (checklist) - Post a copy of medication procedures in a visible location (near medicine storage area).
  • File folders that can be used to store product inserts, boxes, and labels. This can be useful when you need to find lot numbers or accurately identify products.
  • Keep a copy of all prescriptions and protocols in your file.
  • Records should be kept for a minimum of two years.
  • Obtain previous health records and individual animal information when you receive cattle.
  • Monitor the results of programs. Monitor staff to make sure your procedures and protocols are being properly followed. Ongoing training may be necessary. Communicate with your veterinarian and make changes to current protocols as required.
  • Develop a complete herd health program with your veterinarian. Meet on a regular basis to update programs, make product selection decisions and changes based on results of current programs.


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